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Importance of Moisture->Moisture Table

Do's and Don'ts Tips:

1.DON'T use lighter fluid to start the fire, unless you want your food to taste like a chemical. That goes for the use of briquettes (quick lite) too.

2.DO start the fire with only a small amount of charcoal. Too much will result in too much heat.

3.DO use hardwood natural lump charcoal. Use brands that are all natural and/or no additives.

4.DON'T open the lid on the cooker constantly! Opening the cooker's lid allows more oxygen to the fire. You need to shut off the air supply to the fire when you want to bring the cooking temperature down.

5.DO use woods sparingly when cooking. View the wood as just another cooking ingredient. Remember - you can always add more wood but you can never take away what has already been added.

6.DO experiment! Every palate is different. Don't be afraid to mix different woods to find a unique flavor.

7.DO keep ingredients for rubs, sauces, and mops fresh. No ingredient should be kept for more than 6 months.

8.DO purchase meats with the bone-in. Bone acts as a heat element; it absorbs heat and then transfers it into the meat, allowing for more even cooking.

9.DO marinate meats a minimum of 6 hours. That includes use of a dry rub. This is called seasoning the meat.

10.DON'T soak wood chips or chunks prior to using them. This only depletes the heat of the cooking chamber and messes up your cooking temperature. Ideally, woods should have a moisture level of about 20%.

11.DON'T use woods with the bark-on. The bark is like the skin of the tree - it is intended to absorb all the impurities of the tree like resin, mold, spores, larva, etc. It also will be the driest portion of the tree thus, it can cause fluctuations in temperature control as well and produce a white, acrid smoke.

12.DO store all woods in a dry, cool location that is out of direct sunlight. Remember, wood needs to breathe so don't seal it in a bag or other container unless you know for sure the moisture is less than 8%.

13.DON'T overuse woods that are high in lignin content (the glue that binds the wood molecules to each other), as they tend to burn hot. These include: Hickory, Mahogany, Ironwood, Locust, Oaks, Persimmon. These woods require restricted oxygen supply or higher moisture levels. Ideally, they work well when mixed with other hardwoods.

14.DON'T throw away wood because it has had a color change. Be sure you can differentiate between true mold and the natural color change of wood (mold generally can wipe off or smear and has a distinct unpleasant aroma).

15.DO consider sanitizing wood prior to throwing it away or burning it for heat. You can easily sanitize wood by mixing 1.5 oz. of white vinegar to 3 gallons of water. Be sure the wood is completely covered for 2 minutes, prior to removing and allowing to drip dry or place near a heat source to stimulate drying.

16.DON'T rest meats for lengthy periods of time. Basically, by the time you remove the meat and prepare it for cutting, it has rested enough.

17. DON'T keep adding wood until you see billowing smoke! The ideal is to see very little smoke and what is seen to have a blue-like color. This means the airflow to the fire is ideal and the combustion occurring will have a flavorful outcome.

18.DON'T worry so much about matching a wood to a food item. ANYTHING is fair game! The ingredients you select for your rubs, sauces, glazes play much more of a part, with the wood just another one of these ingredients, so experiment and find what you like.

19.DON'T put room temperature meats on the grill or smoker. Instead, be sure the meat is cold meaning directly from the refrigerator. This allows for the smoke vapor produced from wood to be absorbed into the meat.

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